Narmada River is widely regarded as the significant river in peninsular India, flowing from east to the west along with other rivers like Mahi River and Tapti River. It is also known as Reva River. It flows in a rift valley and divides North India and South India. It is used for navigation. It has some of the panoramic ghats on the banks at Hoshangabad district.
The history of the river is linked to the Narmada Kund located at the holy site Amarkantak. Amarkantak and its rivers have been mentioned in Hindu puranas like Mahabharata, Ramayana, Vashishtha Samhia, Shatapatha Brahmana, etc. The river is hardly mentioned in the Vedic literature of India. After the epic Mahabharata age, history of around 3000 years of this river has remained in the dark. Son of Mandhatri, King of Purukutsa named Narmada. According to the history, The Chalukya ruler, Pulakeshin II defeated Harshavardhan of Kannauj, an Indian ruler, on the Narmada River banks. The Aryans settled on Namada River banks to expand eastwards.
The river is regarded to be a graben, a layered block of the crust of the earth dropped on the blocks on either side because of the ancient spreading of the crust. It also relates to paleontological studies of the river valley.
Narmada River flows through around 1315km (817 miles). Narmada River valleys are economically and historically significant. The narrow valley of the river lies below the Vindhayachal hills. The river flows through the valley which covers Manawar tehsil of Dhar District as well as southeast of Kukshi tehsil. The river is around 275m to 150m high. In the northern part of Manawar and southeast plains of Nisarpur, the height of the river varies.
Narmada River Valley covers seven hills in the western side and it is the origin of several river streams. These streams connect the river and result in a couple of stretches of alluvial deposits. The watershed of the river has the vertical southern Vindhya Mountain Ranges and northern slope of Satpura ranges.
The origin of the river is actually an open pool “Narmada Kund” located on Amarkantak of Shahdol district in eastern MP. It is an open pond and is holy. Various Hindu temples of many gods and goddesses cover Narmada Kund, including Siddheswar Mahadev Temple, Shuryanarayan Temple, and Annapurna Temple. Tourists from different parts of the world visit this site.
The course of the river is almost straight and it has less rocky obstacles. The river flows from Amarkantak down the Kapildhara Falls over a long cliff. It flows through a distorted course and crosses the islands and rocks to the ruined Ramnagar palace. The river passes from Ramnagar and Mandla towards the southeast. It travels first 200 miles around Mandla and forms Satpura Range. Then it moves to Jabalpur and passes through Marble Rocks to enter Narmada Valley between Satpura and Vindhya mountain ranges and goes west towards the Gulf of Cambay. It flows in various states, including Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh, and finally merges in Bharuch district of Gujarat in the Arabian Sea.