Located in the South-West region of India is Kerala. A state known as “God’s own country”. The capital city of Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram or Trivandrum. The official language of this state is Malayalam and it is the 13th largest state of India as far as the population is concerned. Kerala is a coastal state and shares its borders with two other states – Tamil Nadu in the east and Karnataka on the north. It is the cleanest state of India and also the highest literacy rate in the entire nation. Kerala is also recognized with other names such as Land of Coconut Trees. It is because the coconut trees are here in plenty and the roads are also lined with number of them. Kochi is the major port of this state and it is regarded as “Queen of Arabian Sea”.
It is believed that Lord Parsuram created this place to avenge the murder of his father from the Kshtriya king. He destroyed his entire clan and was later traumatized with repentance. This is when the Lord of Sea – Varuna – appeared and promised a part of land which would outspread as distant into the sea as he can toss his axe. Parsuram threw his axe and the land became known as the territory of Kerala.
Kerala has also been a home to the Mysore Dynasty. Rulers such as Tipu Sultan and Hyder Ali have fought battles here against British. This state was originally called as “Travancore” but in 1949 it was named as Kerala.
Economic and Social Status
Kerala produces 90% of the nation’s rubber in addition to spices, coffee, tea, coconut, lemon grass oil and tapioca. The economy of this state is dependent on Koir, Cashew, Bamboo and Handloom industry. All the religions are practiced here with the Hindus and Muslims in majority followed by Christians and then other religions. Kerala is known for its amazing progress in terms of quality of life, education and cleanliness.
Tourist spots in Kerala
Kerala has emerged as a very prominent tourist destination. Kerala is divided into three interesting tourist regions – Northern Kerala known as Malabar, Central Kerala known as Kochi and Southern Kerala known as Travancore. The peaceful expanses of emerald backwaters, exotic hill stations, serene Arabian Sea and unique flora and fauna is what the tourists look for in Kerala. The major tourist places are:
- Top Beaches – Kovalam Beach, Vizhinjam Beach, Varkala Beach, Shankumukham beach.
- Top Hill Stations – Nelliyampathy, Munnar
- Waterfalls – Palaruvi, Vazhachal and Athirapally
- National Parks – Parambikulam national park, Eravikulam National Park, Peppara national park
- Backwaters – Kochi, Veli, Alapuzha, Kumarakom