Goddess Sita is the wife of the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu- Lord Rama. She is also a manifestation of Shakti- the driving force and energy provider of this universe. It is said that without Sita, Rama was more or less incapable of achieving all that he did. She is the hidden hero of the great Ramayana, one of the major Hindu Mythological books. She depicts the role of an ideal wife and daughter with the utmost level of devotion to Lord Rama and her beliefs. Because of her ideal portrayal as a wife, she is most respected as an epitome as a womanly virtue for womanhood in India.
She is considered to be an incarnation of Lakshmi, the consort of the preserver Vishnu.
The story of Sita’s birth
Goddess Sita is also named as daughter of the Bhoomi devi that is, Mother Earth. This is because she was found in a furrow while plowing a field in distant lands which now exist in Bihar. The King of Mithila, Janak adopted this abandoned baby who was the ruler of Mithila in Nepal.
The swayamvara of Princess Sita
When Sita grew up and reached her married life, her father wanted to find the most suitable life partner for her. So, he decided to conduct a swayamvara with a condition. The condition was that whoever succeeds to pick up the bow that was gifted to him by Lord Shiva. The bow was too heavy for any of the prince’s presence in the court. None of the participating princes passed the condition. Lord Rama easily picked up the bow with one hand and pulled an arrow using the same. He was so efficient that the bow broke into two. Goddess Sita married Lord Rama and fell in love with him the moment she laid eyes on his selfless and peaceful self.
Sita held as a captive by Ravana
After their marriage, a series of incidents causes Ram and Sita to go on a 14-year long exile. One day she was attracted by a deer and wished Rama to find him for her. As soon as Rama leaves, Ravana kidnaps Sita and holds her captive at Ashok Vatika in his Lanka.
The Agni Pariksha
After Rama freed her from the captivation of Ravana, he asks her to prove her chastity by the test of fire. She accepts to take the test but feels insulted. This test was done to portray the world that in orders of society one has to take revolutionary decisions.